Melasma, also called chloasma or pregnancy mask, is a cutaneous pathology that consists of the appearance of dark spots (hypermelanosis) located in areas exposed to the sun such as the face.
Melasma (dark spots on the face) is a very common condition in the Colombian population, mostly in patients with darker skin.
This condition is mostly found in women, but can also affect men. It is believed that hormones such as estrogen can be involved in their appearance and as a result, it can start or worsen during pregnancy.
Another essential factor for its appearance is sunlight exposure, so a frequent exposure without protection can make the spots even more noticeable.
The spots are brown and are located mostly on the forehead, eyebrows, cheeks, nose and in the mustache area.
Usually they do not produce any symptoms, but because of their appearance they can be cosmetically annoying for those who have them. There are numerous treatments to improve their appearance, however, most treatments have little response and as such, new therapeutic options have been created with excellent results, including tranexamic acid both in pill form and as a peel-off face mask for safe and effective treatment.
It is important to know that laser treatment is not recommended for melasma spots and can even worsen the condition. Melasma is a chronic condition that requires long-term treatment, so it is common for the spots to appear again after a round of treatment.
Your best allies in the treatment are UV protection and your dermatologist.